In a recent post, we talked about gum disease and what it is. Now, we’d like to talk a bit about the treatment and some of the really cool, high tech methods we use to treat the more advanced gum disease (Periodontitis).
Once the gum disease has progressed, creating pockets in the gums and building up more and more, it requires a more thorough deep cleaning. For this, you will typically need what is called “scaling” where the bacteria and plaque are scraped off below the gum line. Also, you typically get what is called “root planing”, where the dentist will use a special tool to smooth the root of the tooth so that it is harder for bacteria and plaque to take hold and grow.
However, if the gum disease is very advanced, it can require gum surgery. In this, we have to get into the gums and deep down to the root in order to clean out the pockets and clean the bacteria and plaque from the root of the teeth.
Typically, this requires cutting away the gums with a scalpel so that you can get deep enough to clean. However, we use a special tool called LANAP (Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure) which uses a laser fiber to cut away a much smaller amount of the gums, and at the same time kill off the harmful bacteria. Once there is some space between the gum and tooth, we can then use a tiny, ultrasonic tool called a “Scaler” to remove the plaque buildup.
Here’s a short video that gives an illustration of how the procedure is done:
The laser treatment can be much more comfortable, faster, and takes less time to fully heal.